AP Euro 524-532.pdf - u2756 Constitutionalism in England...

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Constitutionalism in England Constitutionalism had strengths from the ruler sharing power through a representative assembly such as the English houses of Parliament Two revolutions led to the foundation for the idea that government must guarantee certain rights to the people under the law England Turned Upside Down (1642-1660) England had no constitutional document but it did have a variety of laws, judicial decisions, and charters that were granted by the king that regulate relations with the king and the parliament. When Charles I tried to assert his authority over parliament a civil war broke out English Civil War of 1642-1646 Some see it as last war of religion bc it pitted puritans against those trying to push the church of england toward catholicism Some saw it as a the first modern revolution bc it gave birth to democratic political and religious movements. Charles I versus Parliament When Charles I succeeded his father James I he faced a big amount of Parliament that resisted new taxes and resented the king's effort to extend his personal control In 1628, Parliament forced Charles to agree to the Petition of Right by which he promised not to change taxes without Parliament's consent. Religious tension The puritans agitated for the removal of any evidence of Catholicism, but Charles, married to a French Catholic moved oppositely and Charles encouragement led to imposing elaborate ceremonies on the church of england. Angered by this the Puritans began reproving pamphlets and sermons but in response the archbishop of canterbury Laud bang them in front of the feared Court of Star Chamber where they had harsh sentences Laud tried to apply policy to scotland but the Presbyterian Scots rioted against the imposition of the Book of Common Prayer and invaded the north of England The House of Commons (the lower house of the Parliament) removed Laud from office, ordered the execution pf am unpopular royal commander, abolished the court of star chamber, repealed

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