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Louis xiv designed his pageants to awwe those most dangerous to him which was the leading nobles o f his kingdom. He established his authority with increasing the power of his bureaucracy, expanding his army, and insisting on catholic orthodoxy. This state building was called absolutism which was a system of government in which the ruler claims sole and incontestable power. Absolutism dominated in central and eastern europe Absolutism faced competition from constitutionalism which was sa system in which the ruler shares power with the assembly of elected representatives. Was found in England, the Dutch REpublic, and the British North American colonies Louis XIV : Absolutism and its Limits Made all important state decisions Manipulated the affections and ambition of his courtiers Built up Europe’s largest army Depended on cooperation of many people: local officials who enforce his law, peasants and artisans who joined his army and paid his taxes, creditors who loaned funds , clergy who preached his notion of catholicism, and nobles who joined court festivities. The Fronde 1648-1653 Louis absolutism built on a long french tradition of increasing centralization of state authority Fronde was a series of revolts that posed a threat to the French crown Cardinal Mazarin and Anne of Austria (Louis mom) ruled after Louis father died To meet the pressure of the financial pressure of fighting in the thirty years war, Mazarin sold new offices, raised taxes, and forced creditors to extend loans to the government His opponents presented him with a charter of demands in which he responded with arresting them which led to the revolts With civil war threatening, Mazarin agreed to compromise with the parlements Nobles saw this as an opportunity to reassert their claims to power against the weak monarchy and renew demands for greater local control

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