1-WhatisPsychology

1-WhatisPsychology - What is Psychology? The systematic...

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1 What is Psychology? The systematic study of behavior and experience Psychology is a SCIENCE. Scientific Psychology vs. Folk Psychology People are naturally motivated to try to understand others ’ behavior, so we develop our own “folk” psychologies. – “She wouldn’t look me in the eye; she must be lying.” – “He has a weak handshake; he’s not management material.” – “I can size up a person within 30 seconds of meeting.” Scientific Psychology vs. Folk Psychology Scientific study means – Precisely defining your terms – Carefully controlling factors that might affect the information you collect – Looking for information that disconfirms your theory and… – Always being willing to revise your theory when you
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2 Major Philosophical Issues in Psychology Psychology has its origins in philosophy Some basic philosophical questions still permeate psychology – Free will vs. determinism – The mind-brain problem – Nature vs. nurture Free Will vs. Determinism Determinism: Everything that happens has an observable cause – Human behavior results from Genetics Past experience Current environment Free will: Behavior is at least partially caused by factors outside the knowable universe The Mind-Brain Problem Does consciousness exist apart from the physical, electrochemical processes in the brain? (Dualism) or Are they one and the same? (Monism)
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1-WhatisPsychology - What is Psychology? The systematic...

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