9-Learning

9-Learning - Learning Chapter 6(Part 2 Thorndike and...

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1 Learning Chapter 6 (Part 2) Thorndike and Operant Conditioning A “Learning Curve”
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2 Behavior Probabilities Over Successive Trials Thorndike and Operant Conditioning l Thorndike observed that the escape from the box acted as a reinforcement for the behavior that led to the escape. l Thorndike’s Law of Effect: n “Of several responses made to the same situation, those which are accompanied or closely followed by satisfaction to the animal will, other things being equal, be more firmly connected to the situation, so that, when it [the situation] recurs, they will be more likely to recur” (Thorndike, 1911). l Operant (or instrumental) conditioning is the process of changing behavior by following a response with a reinforcement or punishment. Terminology in Operant Conditioning l Some phenomena in operant conditioning parallel those in classical conditioning n Temporal contiguity n Extinction n Stimulus generalization n Discrimination l Belongingness (also called “preparedness”)
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9-Learning - Learning Chapter 6(Part 2 Thorndike and...

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