Case 1- James Madison, the \u201cFederal Negative,\u201d and the Making of the U.S Constitution.docx - Case 1 James Madison the \u201cFederal Negative,\u201d and

Case 1- James Madison, the “Federal Negative,” and the Making of the U.S Constitution.docx

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Case 1: James Madison, the “Federal Negative,” and the Making of the U.S ConstitutionHow much did the population of the thirteen colonies change from 1750 to 1770? North American colonies population increased from 50,000 to 1.2 million, even as NativeAmerican population fell due to disease. By 1770 the population was over 2 million. What was “virtual representation” in the British Parliament? British representation was supposed to represent everyone including members of the coloniesWhat was significant about voting rights in the state constitutions that were created prior to declaring independence from Britain? Nearly all the power was given to the states. State constitutions were grounded in popularsovereignty and extended suffrage to white, landowning males. The state constitutions legalized their own revolution - the constitutions were rooted in the concept of popular sovereignty and extended voting rights to white land-owning males. It therefore played a key role in coordinating a war effort against Britain by, for example, appointing George Washington as Commander in Chief.Why did Americans field at least fourteen distinct military forces during the War? This included the 13 state militias and the continental army to fight the British. They largely distrusted centralized military power, especially given their experience under British rule.The Continental Congress financed the War with “Continentals” – what were these and why did Congress use these? How did Congress finance the war against Britain? How did the individual states finance their war efforts?Continentals are paper money, Congress used this because there was no authority to levy taxesCongress financed the war with Continentals and through borrowing from European nationsWhat were the economic conditions in the United States following the war in to the mid-1780s? Severe recession, reduced exports, large trade imbalanceSome say it was worse than the Great DepressionIn creating a Constitution (the Articles) during the war, which two key issues dealing with representation emerged and how were they resolved? Whether more populous states would have more votes in Congress and whether slave populations would be counted when calculating each state’s share of wartime expensesWhat powers did the national government have under the Articles of Confederation?Congress was given the authority to borrow money, declare war, enter into treaties/alliances, to settle disputes between states, regulate weights and measures and to oversee a national postal system
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What happened if a state refused to follow a law passed by the national Congress?
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