10-Motivation

10-Motivation - Motivation Chapter 11 Properties of...

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1 Motivation Chapter 11 Properties of Motivated Behavior l Motivated behavior… n is intentional — not reflexive or automatic n is goal directed – motivated individuals keep working until they reach their goals n varies across individuals and occasions l Motivation can be thought of as the process that determines the reinforcement value of an outcome. Views of Motivation l Different psychologists have approached the study of motivation in different ways. n Instinct theories n Drive theories m Drive reduction m Homeostasis n Incentive theories n Work & achievement motivation
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2 Instinct Theories (motivation as an energy) Drive Theories of Motivation l Drive Theories emphasize motivations that are internal to the organism. n A drive is a state of unrest or irritation that energizes behavior until the irritation is removed. n Drive-reduction theory proposes that animals strive to reduce their drives as much as possible. l
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course PSY 200 taught by Professor Craig during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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10-Motivation - Motivation Chapter 11 Properties of...

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