15-Intelligence

15-Intelligence - Intelligence Chapter 9 (Part 1) What is...

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1 Intelligence Chapter 9 (Part 1) What is Intelligence? l Different definitions of intelligence have been proposed: n The mental abilities that enable one to adapt to, shape, or select one’s environment. n The ability to judge, to comprehend, and to reason. n The ability to understand and deal with people, objects and symbols. n The ability to act purposefully, think rationally, and deal effectively with the environment. l Problem: Some of these terms – comprehend, reason, think rationally, and so on, are as hard to define as “intelligence.” Intelligence Tests l Intelligence quotient (IQ) tests attempt to predict performance in school and similar settings. l The first IQ test was developed by Bine t and Simon. l Most of the IQ tests currently in use were developed before recent discoveries concerning memory and cognition. l Psychologists continue to disagree about what intelligence really is and many are not satisfied with the tests currently
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2 The Stanford-Binet Test l The
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15-Intelligence - Intelligence Chapter 9 (Part 1) What is...

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