21-Abnormality - Abnormality Therapy and Social Issues...

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1 Abnormality, Therapy, and Social Issues Chapter 15 What is Normal? l There is no clear line between “normal” and “abnormal!” l It’s not always practical to define “abnormal” as “different from average.” l It is normal to feel sad, anxious, or angry occasionally. l Mental health diagnoses are reserved for people with problems that seriously interfere with their lives. l Beware of Medical Students’ Disease Defining Abnormal Behavior l The American Psychiatric Association (1994) defined abnormal behavior as any that causes n distress to self or others or n disability or impaired functioning or n increased risk of death, pain, or loss of freedom
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The D iagnostic and S tatistical Manual of M ental Disorders l A manual created to establish uniform definitions and standards for diagnosis. l Currently in its fourth edition, hence DSM-IV. l Lists detailed descriptions of all psychological disorders. n accepted labels for each disorder n symptoms n criteria for making diagnoses, including information on differential diagnosis DSM-IV l Diagnoses are made in five categories, called axes . l A person can have one or more diagnoses on a given axis, or none at all. l Axis I lists Clinical Disorders . n involve a deterioration of functioning relative to a previous time n The most common disorders are on Axis I. Some
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21-Abnormality - Abnormality Therapy and Social Issues...

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