23-Disorders

23-Disorders - Specific Disorders and Treatments Chapter 16...

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1 Specific Disorders and Treatments Chapter 16 (Part 2) Mood Disorders l Experiencing a wide range of pleasant and unpleasant emotions is a normal part of the human experience. l Mood disorders go beyond this typical spectrum, severely distorting one’s perspective on life. l Treatment options have improved over the past decades, providing many with relief. Depression l Clinical (“major”) depression is an extreme condition, usually persisting for months. l The sufferer experiences profound lack of interest, pleasure, and motivation. l Feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and powerlessness l Sleep abnormalities l Sufferers may consider or attempt suicide.
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Factors that Precipitate Depression l Losses or other negative life events l Lack of social support l Pessimistic explanatory style (also called “attributional style”) Sex Differences in Depression l About twice as frequent in females as males (from adolescence on) l Hormonal differences not a likely explanation l Possible reasons
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23-Disorders - Specific Disorders and Treatments Chapter 16...

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