ANTH Week 12 Critical Thinking Questions.docx

ANTH Week 12 Critical Thinking Questions.docx - 1 How have...

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1. How have the cities of Mesopotamia impacted their environment? Pg 285-286 2. What was the Code of Hammurabi? Pg. 288 3. What made Egypt an ideal place for the rise of social complexity? (I'm thinking about the physical location). Pg 294-295 4. What is the importance of the site of Jenne-Jeno? Pg. 307 5. Discuss the various arguments about how Minoan and Mycenaean societies interacted on the political level. Pg. 309 1. How have the cities of Mesopotamia impacted their environment? Archaeological surveys have shown that when early cities of southern Mesopotamia were occupied, they laid near the marshlands. However, as the Euphrates River changed course, ancient cities moved farther from the river channel. The poor quality of the landscape was the result of the farming practices of the early inhabitants of the cities. They caused salt to be concentrated in soils near the surface. As a result of this process of salinization, the land could no longer support farming. 2. What was the Code of Hammurabi? The Code of Hammurabi is the most important of a series of early mesopotamian legal documents. Their are laws set out in this code that covers a variety of punishments for certain crimes, such as murder, robbery, and perjury. It also covers the rules with adoption, marriage, and the ownership of slaves. Also, it includes some laws dealing with buisness such as the cost of hiring an ox or a donkey. From the Code of Hammurabi, it seems that the king had control over the regulation of commercial activities, punishment for illegal acts, and aspects of family life. 3. What made Egypt an ideal place for the rise of social complexity? The odd geography of Egypt played a big role in defining the nature of ancient Egyptian society.
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