iss215 exam 2 notes.pdf - Social Institutions and Social...

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Social Institutions and Social Organizations2 Questions 1.What are social organizations? Def 1 of 2 They have stable patterns of social relationships among individuals and groups in society -Ex: making + raising children in a family (the family is the soc. org.) the role is to objectively raise children, where the man and woman marry and have kids. -So powerful that people don’t deviate! > Gay marriages aren’t part of the stable patterns. Main Features -Have established structure Usually has the structure (like: children, extended family, grandchildren, etc. Or like: fraternity has president, secretary, treasurer. Like MSU: structure is made of prez, coordinators) -Coordinated Functional activities Every organization has one, which has an objective -The End (The results) ??? -Agents of Ordering Human agents -- these human agents force the discipline or order on others. (ex: board of directors, parents) Socio-Cultural Agents -- these socio-cultural agents are powerful on you & maintain order. They come into play when you go to church and you keep quiet and follow what everyone else does. You know from previous attendances what to do; the traditions control you and maintain order. Operation of Social Organizations def 1 of 2 -Creation of Human Relations Society is organized then you can predict things -Provisions of Needs and Wants -Creation + Maintenance of Social Order -Predictability When social relations aren’t organized you cannot predict. (ex: when you say hard work leads to success, you predict successful w/o working hard. If there’s a society where people are successful w/o working hard. If -No system organization, then the dedicated person is left behind. => no
predictability anymore. Corruption/chaos/war has lack of organization - where you can’t predict anything. What are social institutions? -All beliefs and all the modes of conduct (the way you operate/behave in society is always dominated by the majority) instituted by the collectivity (Durkheim 1938) -Set of Rules and Regulations that govern human needs In every society, people have needs (to be fed, edu, possibly special, maybe to reproduce) they have rules that regulate those needs.
Functions of Social Institutions Economic Activities Socialization Education Social control Religion Preservation & transmission of culture Interdependence Orgs that include politics edu, religion, fam and econ. All 5 of these are important in your life, but according to Marxist most important is economy. Signif on social inst
Economic Institutions and Inequality-Lecture 6 9 questions

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