History 121 Midterm Study Guide.docx - History 121 Midterm...

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History 121 Midterm Study Guide Terms: Special Field Order 15/ Sharecropping -Sherman’s Law -Plantation land in the sea islands of easts of South Carolina/ Georgia -Distribute forty acres and a mule to black families -40,000 families settled within a month Radical Republicans/ Freemen’s Bureau -Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner -Anti slavery & Pro Civil Right -Reconnect separated families -Build independent black churches -Black ministers <merge as community leaders> -Public education system -FB in charge of land distribution 14 th /15 th Amendments -14 th , anti- slavery -15 th , African American males to vote Ku Klux Klan/ Jim Crow Laws -KKK, military wing of democratic party -Violence becomes planned -JKL, Grandfather clause -Literacy tests (if they can read) & poll taxes (cost too much to vote) -Plessy V Ferguson “Separate but equal” -Protect segregation by law Compromise of 1877 -End of Reconstruction -Republican can retain the presidency, but reconstruction is over -Pull out union army & Freemen Bureau -Premature ending to Reconstruction “Arrested Development” Dawes Severalty Act -Economic Assimilation of Native Americans divided up reservation land into 160 acres plots, distribute among Natives, independent farmers -Cultural Assimilation of Native Americans, Boarding schools (Carlisle) -Native language, dress, religion are banned, learning English & Christianity, with adults ban on religious practices dress, ceremonials and language
Wounded Knee Massacre 1890 -Located on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Southwestern South Dakota -The site of two conflicts between North American Indians and representatives of the U.S. government. -Left 150 Native American dead (Final clash between federal troops and the Sioux) New Immigration/ Nativism -Southern Europe & Eastern Europe & Latin America & Asia -Italian, Polish, Russian (Urbans area, East Coast, Northeast) -Chinese, Mexican (West Coast) -Nativism, the policy of protecting the interests of native born or established inhabitants against those immigrants. -Different restaurants, shops, caters to immigrants -Nativism American Protective Association NAPA -Restrict membership to schools, colleges, clubs, recreation areas to protestants. Chinese Exclusion Act/ U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark -Prohibition of Chinese laborers from entering the U.S. -Chinese Immigrants have to register with govt -Carry I.D papers or face detention/ deportation -WKA v. Supreme Court 1898, testing the boundaries of 14 th amendment -It secures the citizenship status of Chinese born in the United States and all children born of immigrants in the United States. Eugenics 優生學 / 1924 Immigration Act -Different mental characteristics of each “Race” -1924 Immigration Act (National Origins Act), was to ensure that descendants of old immigrants would forever outnumber descendants of new immigrants.

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