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ARB2102 – HOMEWORKMohamed Abdel Wahab (musician)Mohamed Abdel Wahab was born in Cairo on March 13, 1902 and died on May 4th1991, at theage of 89, in Cairo. An Egyptian musician; he was a singer and a composer, most famouslyrecognized for his romantic and patriotic themed songs. As well, his success comes from hiscomposition of Ya Beladi, which was the national anthem of Libya for 1951 to 1969; additionallythe national anthem of Tunisia, Humat at-Himaand for the United Arab Emirates, Ishy Bilady.Wahab influenced the Arab world with his establishment of a new era of Egyptian music. He alsohad an impact on the Western population, by exposing them to his Egyptian style music. Umm Kulthum (or Kalthoum) Umm Kulthum – given name Fatima Ibrahim as-Sayyid – was born on December 31, 1898 in thevillage of Tamay e-Zahayra, and died on February 3, 1975, at the age of 76 in Cairo. Althoughthe birth date is suggested to be 1898, it has not been confirmed as birth registration was notenforced in Egypt at the time. The latter was an internationally renowned Egyptian singer,songwriter and actress from the 1920s to the 1970s.The artist was knownfor being one of thegreatest and most influential singers of the 20thcentury; a national icon and great influencewithin the Arab World. She sold over 80 million records worldwide, of which we still listen totoday.Abdel Halim HafezAbdel Halim Hafez was born on June 21, 1929, in El-Halawat north of Cairo, and died on March30, 1977. His parents deceased at a young age; his childhood was lived in an orphanage and inlater years, with his aunt and uncle, in poor financial circumstances. In a turn of events, Hafezgrew to become one of the greatest Egyptian musicians. Among his many talents, he was asinger, actor, conductor, music teacher and business man. He is known as the “King of Arabicmusic”. The artist contracted schistosomiasis; a diseases that affected his career to its end. Helater died of liver complications, derived from this disease. Arab Nationalism Arab Nationalism is said to be the strongest of the modernist trends. It is a nationalist ideologythat promotes unity of Arab people, with common or shared history, language, artist and culture;the closest dream of the Arab awakening. The idea of Arab Nationalism existed solely in 4countries: Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Egypt. Three major organizations were said to control everyaspect of the Arab world; they are Nasserism (named after president Gamal Abdel Nasser ofEgypt), Baath Party (founded by Syrian intellectual Michel Aflaq), and Pan-Arab NationalistMovement Harakat al-Qawmiyin al-Arab (one major figure Palestinian leader Georges Habash).