ARB Homework .docx - ARB2102 u2013 HOMEWORK Mohamed Abdel...

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ARB2102 – HOMEWORK Mohamed Abdel Wahab (musician) Mohamed Abdel Wahab was born in Cairo on March 13, 1902 and died on May 4 th 1991, at the age of 89, in Cairo. An Egyptian musician; he was a singer and a composer, most famously recognized for his romantic and patriotic themed songs. As well, his success comes from his composition of Ya Beladi , which was the national anthem of Libya for 1951 to 1969; additionally the national anthem of Tunisia, Humat at-Hima and for the United Arab Emirates, Ishy Bilady. Wahab influenced the Arab world with his establishment of a new era of Egyptian music. He also had an impact on the Western population, by exposing them to his Egyptian style music. Umm Kulthum (or Kalthoum) Umm Kulthum – given name Fatima Ibrahim as-Sayyid – was born on December 31, 1898 in the village of Tamay e-Zahayra, and died on February 3, 1975, at the age of 76 in Cairo. Although the birth date is suggested to be 1898, it has not been confirmed as birth registration was not enforced in Egypt at the time. The latter was an internationally renowned Egyptian singer, songwriter and actress from the 1920s to the 1970s. The artist was known for being one of the greatest and most influential singers of the 20 th century; a national icon and great influence within the Arab World. She sold over 80 million records worldwide, of which we still listen to today. Abdel Halim Hafez Abdel Halim Hafez was born on June 21, 1929, in El-Halawat north of Cairo, and died on March 30, 1977. His parents deceased at a young age; his childhood was lived in an orphanage and in later years, with his aunt and uncle, in poor financial circumstances. In a turn of events, Hafez grew to become one of the greatest Egyptian musicians. Among his many talents, he was a singer, actor, conductor, music teacher and business man. He is known as the “King of Arabic music”. The artist contracted schistosomiasis; a diseases that affected his career to its end. He later died of liver complications, derived from this disease. Arab Nationalism Arab Nationalism is said to be the strongest of the modernist trends. It is a nationalist ideology that promotes unity of Arab people, with common or shared history, language, artist and culture; the closest dream of the Arab awakening. The idea of Arab Nationalism existed solely in 4 countries: Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Egypt. Three major organizations were said to control every aspect of the Arab world; they are Nasserism (named after president Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt), Baath Party (founded by Syrian intellectual Michel Aflaq), and Pan-Arab Nationalist Movement Harakat al-Qawmiyin al-Arab (one major figure Palestinian leader Georges Habash).

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