+ The United States During the “Jazz Age”
+ Themes of the “Roaring Twenties” • Fundamentalism vs. Modernity (Religion vs. Science) • Advent of Mass Culture Social • Isolationism • Limited Government Regulation Political • Consumerism • Unrestricted and Uncontrolled Expansion Economic
+ Essential Questions The 1920’s were a period of new and changing attitudes on the one hand and traditional values and nostalgia on the other. What led to this tension between old and new AND in what ways was the tension manifested? To what extent was American foreign policy during the 1920’s a continuation of past policy and to what extent was it a departure?
+ Politics: Republican Control Business Doctrine Calvin Coolidge: “The business of America is business” Weakening of Regulatory Agencies Business friendly administrations and Congress Sympathetic courts
+ The Harding Administration A “Return to Normalcy” The “Ohio Gang” – Harding’s friends/past co-workers – later tied up in the financial scandals of the times A Few Good Choices Sup.Crt. Justice Hughes (Sec. State), FDA Hoover (Commerce), industrialist and millionaireAndrew Mellon (Treasury), Taft (SCOTUS) Domestic Policy Reduced Income Tax Increased Tariff (Fordney-McCumber, 1922) Bureau of the Budget – all government expenditures placed in a single budget for Congress to review and vote on Pardoned Eugene Debs – Socialist leader
+ The Downfall A Few Bad Choices Albert B. Fall (Interior), Harry Daugherty (Attorney General) Scandals Bribery (Daugherty) – no prosecution for certain criminals Teapot Dome (Fall) Death (August, 1923) – didn’t even know about most of the scandals.
+ The Presidency of Calvin Coolidge “Silent Cal” – “If you don’t say anything you be called on to repeat it” The Election of 1924 Coolidge (R) vs. Davis (D) vs. LaFollette (Progressive) Vetoes and Inaction Cut spending – budget only Vetoes: Bonuses for WWI Vets McNary-Haugen (1928)- was supposed to help farmers as crop prices fell
+ The Election of 1928 Herbert Hoover (R) Administrative roles under three previous presidents Alfred E. Smith (D, NY) Catholic, wet Hoover’s Quote Upon Receiving
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 29 pages?
- Fall '16
- Mr. Johnson
- Calvin Coolidge, Immigration Act of 1924