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Tutorial Discussion/Essay Question: What message do you think Hesiod’s myth of the five ages (related in his Works and Days 129-234) had for people in his society? Why is the story of cultural decline so widespread? Greek and Roman society was strongly influenced by the culture and practices of the East. Evidence suggests they adopted and integrated certain customs they deemed attractive from that region, modifying them to reflect their own perceived identity and ethos. Hesiod’s ‘ Five Ages parallels that of the ‘cycle of ages’ from Hindu Mythology, for example. Here the ages are similarly titled Golden, Silver, Bronze, and Iron; they present a history that had heightened pure and virtuous origins, that deteriorates and declines with each subsequent stage, representing a spiralling down and ‘social decay’ of humanity. Hesiod has obvious inclusions and modifications to make the myth unmistakably Greek in nature,
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