Psyc213-Lec8_Student1.pdf - TODAY’S TOPICS CONCEPTS AND GENERIC KNOWLEDGE Source Venngage � Lecture recordings now available � Optional experimental

Psyc213-Lec8_Student1.pdf - TODAY’S TOPICS CONCEPTS AND...

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6/18/18 1 TODAY’S TOPICS: CONCEPTS AND GENERIC KNOWLEDGE Source: Venngage § Lecture recordings now available § Optional experimental report due this week § Quiz 2
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6/18/18 2 Part One § Concepts § Why and how we categorize § Structure of categories § Theorizing about concepts Part Two § Semantic network models § Connectionist models § Concepts and the brain § Development of concepts
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6/18/18 3 CONCEPTS IN THE WORLD § A concept is a mental representation that is used for a variety of cognitive functions § Categorization is a process by which things are fit into categories as a way to sort objects WHY DO WE CATEGORIZE? § Understanding individual cases based on what we know about a category
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6/18/18 4 WHY DO WE CATEGORIZE? § Understanding individual cases based on what we know about a category § Understand the unique behaviour of others CANADIENS FANS HOW DO WE CATEGORIZE? § Definitional approach to categorization § Not all members of categories have the same features
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6/18/18 5 HOW DO WE CATEGORIZE? § Family resemblance (allows for variation) Ludwig Wittgenstein HOW DO WE CATEGORIZE? § Family resemblance (allows for variation) § Similarity to a standard representation
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6/18/18 6 HOW DO WE CATEGORIZE? § Prototype approach § Prototype: a typical member of a category § Based on the average of members of a category that are commonly experienced Eleanor Rosch HOW DO WE CATEGORIZE? § Prototype approach § Prototype: a typical member of a category § Based on the average of members of a category that are commonly experienced
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6/18/18 7 HOW DO WE CATEGORIZE? § Prototype approach § Prototype: a typical member of a category § Based on the average of members of a category that are commonly experienced PROTOTYPICALITY HOW DO WE CATEGORIZE? § Prototype approach § 50 members of a category; Rate the extent of category membership
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6/18/18 8 HOW DO WE CATEGORIZE?
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