HIST 100 Module 2.pdf - Module 2 Early “Civilizations”...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 9 pages.

9/16/18 1 Module 2 Early “Civilizations” 3500-2000 BCE J. Gonzalez-Meeks History 100 Early World History Development of Complex Societies The Ag-Rev contributed to the development of complex societies or civilizations. Agricultural Revolution Complex Societies Geography/river valleys (Mesopotamia and Egypt) Settled towns developed near a major water source. Mesopotamians settle near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, the Egyptians near the Nile. Cultivation of crops Humans no longer needed to search for food as they created a steady food supply. Permanent towns Humans start to settle into one area that is favorable for farming. Farming technology (irrigation, terracing, etc.) Humans took control of their environment and made it work for them. Food surplus More food leads to more mouths to feed, which means the community grows. We also see the development of wealth accumulation during this period as well. Job specialization (rulers, artisans, priests, etc.) As this complex society grows, there is the development of job specialization. Left: Harappan seal stones from Indus River Valley/ Top Rt: Shang Dynasty Oracle Bone, East Asia / Bottom Rt: Linear B from Mycenaean Mediterranean Agricultural Revolution Complex Societies Geography/river valleys (Mesopotamia and Egypt) Cultivation of crops Permanent towns Farming technology (irrigation, terracing, etc.) Food surplus Job specialization (rulers, artisans, priests, etc.) Cultural development (writing, math, astronomy, religion, art, trade)
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

9/16/18 2 Agricultural Revolution Complex Societies Geography/river valleys (Mesopotamia and Egypt) Cultivation of crops Permanent towns Farming technology (irrigation, terracing, etc.) Food surplus Job specialization (rulers, artisans, priests, etc.) Cultural development (writing, math, astronomy, religion, art, trade) Social hierarchy (Ruler, priest class, warriors, commoners, slaves) Agricultural Revolution Complex Societies Geography/river valleys (Mesopotamia and Egypt) Cultivation of crops Permanent towns Farming technology (irrigation, terracing, etc.) Food surplus Job specialization (rulers, artisans, priests, etc.) Cultural development (writing, math, astronomy, religion, art, trade) Social hierarchy (Ruler, priest class, warriors, commoners, slaves) Complex societies aka “civilizations” Objectives Identify the characteristics of a “civilization” Explain the relationship between geography and early city-states in Afro-Eurasia Describe how trade impacts both early city- states and nomadic groups Early “Civilizations” Think about what is a “civilization?” Why did these early civilizations develop around river basins?
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern