Module 7.pptx - Module 7 Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome(300...

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Module 7 Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome (300 BCE-300CE) J. Gonzalez-Meeks Grossmont and Cuyamaca College History 100 Early World History
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Lecture Outline I. Defining Globalizing Empires II. Forerunners to the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire III. The Han Dynasty IV. The Roman Empire
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I. Globalizing Empires Both Han and Rome covered large territory, diverse populations, and exerted their influence beyond their own borders. ½ of the human population in Afro-Eurasia was directly under the authority of Han or Rome.
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Geographical Extent of Roman Empire and Han Dynasty
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II. Forerunners to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 220CE) and the Roman Empire FILM CLIP: Qin and Han China Qin 17:30 – 28:47 Han 28:47 - 46:20 (16 min) How did the Qin consolidate power? Describe the Qin warrior ethos?
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II. Forerunners to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 220CE) and the Roman Empire A. The Qin Dynasty (221-207 BCE): A Crucial Forerunner •. One of many of the militaristic regimes fighting during the Warring States period. •. Economic growth and increased food production enabled the Qin to unify the various states into one unified empire—The Qin Dynasty
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II. Forerunners to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 220CE) and the Roman Empire B. Shi Huangdi “First August Emperor” Assumed the mandate of heaven from the Zhou. Centralized the administration of the empire. Divided the state into thirty-six provinces— commanderies ( jun ) Each commandery had a civilian and military governor, as well as an imperial inspector. Regional and local officials answered directly to the emperor. Civilian governors did not serve in their home areas. This was to prevent an uprising against Shi Huangdi’s rule.
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B. Shi Huangdi “First August Emperor” King Zheng of Qin becomes Qin Shi Huangdi (r. 221-210 BCE). Mausoleum of Shi Huangdi with army or terracotta warriors
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II. Forerunners to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 220CE) and the Roman Empire C. Political, Economic, and Social Structure Chief minister Li Si Legalism : valued law codes, administrative regulations, and inflexible punishments. Centralized administration Census of the common people Sixteen-year old (males) registered for military service and public works projects
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II. Forerunners to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 220CE) and the Roman Empire C. Political, Economic, and Social Structure Chief minister Li Si Standard currency of weights and measures Taxation on trade imports and on local farmers profited the state treasury
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II. Forerunners to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 220CE) and the Roman Empire C. Political, Economic, and Social Structure Chief minister Li Si Improved communication by constructing roads Conscripted men and criminals to construct the Great Wall Men that died while constructing the Great Wall were placed within it The Great Wall was constructed to prevent nomadic groups from raiding into the Qin Dynasty
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II. Forerunners to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 220CE) and the Roman Empire C. Political, Economic, and Social Structure
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