NS 132 SQ 2 - Traditional Diet: Study Questions Synopsis:...

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Traditional Diet: Study Questions Synopsis : This lecture narrates set ō PowerPoint slides that I show in class. The audio is not timed to specific slides. Like the other “lecture links,” the audio is mapped to specific sections ō the lecture. We focus first on some ō the earliest peoples in North America - looking at the food they ate & where & how they obtained it. The development ō agriculture follows, along w/ discussion on issues ō food security. We conclude by contrasting traditional diets w/ our own & discussing various changes, emerging dietary patterns & their associated health impacts. Textbook readings: Chapter 2 Exercise Let’s say you live around here a thousand years ago. No supermarkets. No imported foods. No nutritional advice. What would you eat? Survey ō Traditional Diets I. Hunters / Gatherers (hunt animals, gather plants) a. Hunters (Inuit, Plains Indians) Inuit/Eskimo : live in Arctic - heavy reliance on hunting/fishing → meat-based diet - Vitamin C balance: short supply ō plant foods, but uncooked/raw meat - high fat diet: high in unsaturated fat, low in saturated fat, fish oils Plain Indians : live on grassy plains - heavy reliance on hunting - high fiber (indigestible carbohydrate ) grass eaten by animals eaten by natives b. Fishers c. Foragers * Indigenous survivors have at least barely adequate nutrients from environment * balance + variety + innovation + adaptation = food security Gatherer-Hunters Hunters In what kinds ō environments do we see people relying primarily on hunting? What are the advantages ō hunting in these places? What kinds ō animals do they hunt? Cite some examples we saw. We see people relying primarily on hunting in polar/arid or grassy plain environments that lack edible, digestible food ( e.g. grass, lichen, moss). The advantages ō hunting in these places are meat- based diet that is lower in saturated fat, higher in saturated fat, as well as comprising fish oils that help protect against heart disease. The Inuit hunt marine mammals ( e.g. seal, whale), land mammals ( e.g. caribou), & fish. The Plains Indians hunt buffalo, bison, cattle, Fishers In what kinds ō environments do we see people relying primarily on fishing? What are the advantages ō fishing in these places?
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We see people relying primarily on fishing in environments along rivers, lakes, or shorelines ( e.g. islands & coasts). The advantages ō fishing in these places are staple food high in protein as well as fish oils that help protect against heart disease. Foragers
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NS 132 SQ 2 - Traditional Diet: Study Questions Synopsis:...

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