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Unformatted text preview: Exercise: Study Questions Synopsis : There is a difference bet. activity &amp; exercise &amp; this lecture begins by defining it. The two broad categories exercise (aerobic, resistance training) are described along w/ their effects on the human body. Exercise has been shown to strengthen our nutritional &amp; health status. This lecture explains why. Regular exercise has also been shown to bring emotional &amp; mental benefits too. It may also contribute to a higher quality life for elderly people. The lecture concludes w/ suggestions for incorporating exercise into your life in ways that work now &amp; in the future. Textbook readings : Chapter 11 I. Overview a. Activity = things you have to do for your daily life b. Exercise = time set aside during day, not required by your life, added in c. Both are good in terms weight control d. Continuous activity is not necessary for caloric consumption Activity vs. exercise What was the distinction we made bet. activity &amp; exercise? physical activity : done as part daily life exercise : set aside from normal day Is continuous activity necessary to expend kcals? Does 30 minutes stop &amp; start activity burn as many kcals as 30 minutes continuous activity? No , continuous activity is not necessary to expend/burn kcals. Yes , 30 mins. stop &amp; start activity burns as many kcals as 30 mins. continuous activity.- 30 min. walk = 3 10 min. walks (same energy expenditure, but not same fitness benefits) Might there be added benefits to exercise as compared to normal activity? Yes , there might be added fitness ( e.g. cardiovascular) benefits to exercise as compared to normal activity. II. Exercise for Nutrition a. Aids in achieving nutritional adequacy b. Essential in weight control (for maintenance) c. Chronic disease prevention d. Other benefits (Elderly, Psychological) Exercise &amp; nutrition How does exercise aid nutritional adequacy? How does higher energy intake contribute to greater nutritional adequacy? Exercise improves nutritional adequacy. Higher energy intake enhances greater nutritional adequacy. exercise caloric/energy intake/needs improve intake vitamins &amp; minerals, etc. ( vs. elderly people) Essential in weight control How does exercise affect appetite? Exercise is:- impt. in weight control, esp. maintenance weight loss ( 95% successful : exercise 1 hr./day)- energy expenditure How does exercise affect muscle mass? How does muscle mass affect BMR? How does this affect weight control?...
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course NUTRI SCI 132 taught by Professor Anderson during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.
- Spring '08