Classical+Era+Outline.doc

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Classical Era: 1750-1825 Social/Historical Background [Absolutism to Enlightenment to Revolution] Enlightenment philosophers: Rousseau, Voltaire American thinkers: Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin Austria: Joseph II (first enlightened despot) Tenets of Enlightenment thought: Applied principles of scientific objectivity to issues of social justice (liberty, equality,  brotherhood) Tried to improve education and break down rigid class structure (Freemasons) Humanism expanded – absolute authority of church continued to wane Brotherhood Pursuit of Happiness considered a right for all expressed in music  Age of Reason = Goals of order, balance, proportion, clarity expressed in music Revolutions:  American, French, Industrial Social change directly affecting music: Growth of middle class Pursuit of happiness/recreation/public concerts Building of concert halls – instrumental music Musical consumerism Literate public Affordable instruments and lessons Printing of music
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