Kine 198-Alcohol

Kine 198-Alcohol - Alcohol Chapter 5 Objectives Identify...

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Alcohol Chapter 5
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Objectives Identify the following: Types of alcoholic beverages and the alcohol content of each The physiological and societal effects of alcohol Penalties for alcohol related offenses Factors relating to binge drinking and alcohol poisoning Risk of drinking and driving
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What is Alcohol? Ethyl alcohol (a.k.a., ethanol) A legal and accepted drug of choice 3 major types of alcohol: Beer Distilled spirits or hard liquor Wine or wine coolers
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Physiological Effects of Alcohol Alcohol is a depressant that has two major effects: It slows down the nervous system It irritates and sedates nerve endings
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Physiological Effects cont… Alcohol impairs the higher learning centers Frontal Lobe (.01 - .10) Limits our ability to self observe Exaggerated emotions Parietal Lobe (.10 - .30) Unsteadiness of movement Speech disturbance
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Physiological Effects cont… Occipital Lobe (.20 - .30) Effects vision (distortion of vision, double vision, loss of depth perception) Cerebellum (.15 - .35) Problems with balance Coordination impairment Medulla Oblongata (???) At high BAC regulatory functions are suppressed
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Societal Problems Injury & death from falls, fire, drowning, and violent behavior Choosing to drive Engaging in sexual activity and unprotected sex Involvement in arguments and fights Sexual Assault/Date Rape Alcohol poisoning Mixing alcohol & other drugs – lethal dose
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Societal Problems cont… Statistics: Over 40% of all highway deaths 50% of all spousal abuse cases 30% of all child abuse cases 65% of drowning 54% of those jailed for violent crimes were intoxicated 49% convicted of murder or attempted murder
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What is a Drink? 12 oz Beer 4.5% .54 oz 4 oz Wine 12% .48 oz 12 oz Wine Cooler 5.0% .60 oz 1 oz Whiskey 40% .40 oz What is the proof of the Whiskey?
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Blood Alcohol Concentration BAC is a measure of the concentration of alcohol in blood expressed in grams per 100 ml. 100 mg. of alcohol in 10 ml of blood would be reported as .10% Influencing factors: alcohol content of drink size of drink time spent drinking food body weight and gender
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Eliminating Factors Breath 8% Sweat 2% Liver 90% (See Figure 5.5 Elimination Rate Graph)
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Effects of BAC .08% - .10% legally drunk .16% 8 hours for the body to metabolize .30% may lose consciousness .40 - .50% .60 - .70% death
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Tolerance Tolerance is when an individual adapts to the
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Kine 198-Alcohol - Alcohol Chapter 5 Objectives Identify...

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