Kine 198-Diseases

Kine 198-Diseases - Diseases Chapter 9 "Habits are to the...

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Diseases Chapter 9
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“Habits are to the soul what the veins and arteries are to the blood, the courses in which it moves.” - Horace Bushnell
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Objectives Differentiate between communicable and non- communicable diseases Identify the symptoms of various diseases List 5 strategies which should be utilized by members of their age group to avoid contraction of these diseases Know the risk factors for cancer Identify the seven warning signs of cancer Be able to list the steps for the BSE and TSE
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Objectives cont… List important aspects of periodic self/doctor examinations Differentiate between Type I and Type diabetes List three risk factors for Type II diabetes Define and describe anemia Know the signs and symptoms of anemia Identify three possible causes of ulcers
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Communicable Diseases Transmitted from person to person Transmission can occur by: Direct transmission Coughing or sneezing Indirect transmission Contaminated water or infected insects
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Types HIV/AIDS Tuberculosis Mononucleosis Hepatitis Common Cold Influenza
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HIV/AIDS Non-sexual contraction through blood transfusions, sharing needles, and or the exchange of blood or breast milk from a mother to her unborn or newborn child High risk groups IV drug users Individuals receiving a blood transfusion before 1985
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Tuberculosis Why have rates risen in the past decade??? Affects the lungs Caused by the bacillus microorganism – Mycobacterium tuberculosis Transmitted by airborne droplets when someone with active TB coughs, talks, or sneezes
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Tuberculosis cont… Latent TB Will have a positive skin test Not ill Cannot infect others May develop TB later in life
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Tuberculosis cont… Active TB Symptoms: fatigue, weight loss, lethargy, decreased appetite, low grade fever, and night sweats A cough generally develops slowly Infections involves the lungs, but can spread to other parts of the body One half of untreated individuals will die With treatment, 5 – 10% will die
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Tuberculosis cont… Diagnosis Chest x-ray Culture and microscopic examination Treatment Active TB: combination of medication Treatment failure due to the development of drug- resistant strains, caused by the irregularity in taking medications
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Mononucleosis Transmitted by saliva exchange Majority of cases occur in 15 – 30 yr olds Caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which attacks the lymphocytes Symptoms Followed by, lymph node enlargement and sore throat
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Mononucleosis cont… Medical concerns Enlargement of the spleen Rare but possible complications, such as hepatitis, meningitis, encephalitis, and coma Diagnosis Blood test that detects the Epstein-Barr virus Treatment Bed rest, adequate hydration, non-aspirin analgesics
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course KINE 198 taught by Professor Any during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Kine 198-Diseases - Diseases Chapter 9 "Habits are to the...

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