WEEK 4 ASSIGNMENT NURS 6501 CVI&DVT.docx - Running head CVI DVT 1 CVI DVT Walden University NURS 6501 Advanced Pathophysiology The venous system can

WEEK 4 ASSIGNMENT NURS 6501 CVI&DVT.docx - Running head CVI...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 8 pages.

Running head: CVI & DVT 1 CVI & DVT Walden University NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology March 16, 2019 The venous system can greatly be impacted by lack of proper circulation or blood clots. The advance practitioner is required to accurately assess a patient, evaluate the patient, properly
Image of page 1
CVI & DVT 2 diagnose the patient and provide the best treatment options for the patient. The body is made up of arteries and veins. The causes of CVI and DVT are different but they occur due to venous system failure (Davies, 2019). The purpose of this assignment is to provide detailed information of the pathophysiology, similarities, and differences between chronic venous insufficiency and deep venous thrombosis and provide 2 mind maps on DVT and CVI. Pathophysiology of chronic venous insufficiency Chronic venous insufficiency results from ineffective functioning of the leg veins or venous wall. This abnormal functioning of the veins causes a delay or difficulty of blood flow back to the heart for an extended time (Davies, 2019). The lack of venous return causes hypertension and venous stasis (Davies, 2019). The venous system carries oxygen to the vital organs to meet the bodies demand and the blood is returned back to the heart; there are lots of veins compared to arteries, and veins are much larger in diameter but their walls are very thin and move in one direction due to its one way valve (Huether, & McCance, 2017). This one way valve averts the back flow of blood. The lack of oxygenation causes inflammation leading to fibro sclerotic remodeling of cell resulting in the development of ulcer (Huether, & McCance, 2017). Signs and symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency are swollen legs that can extend to knees and elbow, hyperpigmentation which is discoloration of the affected areas and venous stasis ulcers (Davies, 2019). Treatment will aim at preventing a formation of varicose veins by elevating the legs and educating the patient on the importance of having on compression stockings (Huether, & McCance, 2017). Pathophysiology of deep venous thrombosis The formation of deep venous thrombosis starts when the extremities of a patient form a clot in the deep veins. These clots detaches from the blood vessel wall. Deep venous thrombosis
Image of page 2
CVI & DVT 3
Image of page 3

Want to read all 8 pages?

Image of page 4

Want to read all 8 pages?

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 8 pages?

  • Spring '15

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture