9.docx - 9 Religious Studies 100 Buddhism Outline 1 Introduction Buddhism and Hinduism share some basic concepts e.g karma samsara etc different ideas

9.docx - 9 Religious Studies 100 Buddhism Outline 1...

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9 Religious Studies 100 Buddhism Outline 1. Introduction : Buddhism and Hinduism: - share some basic concepts, e.g., karma , samsara , etc.. - different ideas between the two: Brahman and Atman in Hinduism; but non- permanency in Buddhism; and Buddhist concept of Nirvana , etc. 2 . Sakyamun i , the sage of the Sakya
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Clan, the Buddha and the beginning of Buddhism - Sakyamuni his original name: Siddhartha Gautama (about 563 BC E), the prince of a small country - his life, born in Lumbini Grove (at the border of India and Nepal today) - his enlightenment at Bodhgaya - his first sermon in Deer Park, Banaras - The Four Noble Truths : Dukkha all of life is suffering tanha the cause of suffering is craving tanhakkhaya the cessation of craving
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magga overcome suffering is the Eightfold Path, the middle way 3 . The development of Buddhism after the Buddha - Buddhist scriptures : The Tripitaka The Three Baskets : The Vinaya Pitaka The Sutta (s ū tra) Pitaka
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The Abhidhamma (Abhidharma) Pitaka - King A ś oka - Two major philosophical systems in Indian Buddhism a . The Madhyamika system founder: Nagarjuna, about the 2 nd century no ego, no soul nothing is permanent all existences are empty of absolute reality b . The Yogacara
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system fo unders Asanga and Vasubandu about the 4 th century The individual mind and its reflections of the phenom enal world are not real Consciousness works and forms the impressions of the world The ultimate reality is a void - The three jewels: The Buddha, the dharma and the sangha 4. Three major forms of Buddhism A. The Theravadin Buddhism :
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The School of Elders - the areas that it developed - its main teachings (besides those they share with other Buddhists): the concept of Arhat the concept of two bodies of the Buddha self-efforts for his/her own liberation Jataka literature karma and samsara The Future Buddha Maitreya
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B. The Mahayana Buddhism : The Great Vehicle - the areas that it developed 10 - Its main teachings (besides those they share with others) the concept of Bodhisattva the concept of three bodies of the Buddha Buddha nature is in every living being innumerable Buddhas and Bodhisattvas its attitude towards lay people - Mahayana Buddhism in China (or Chinese Buddhism)
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Major sects: Tian-tai Ji ng - tu (Pure land) Buddha Amitabha Chan two major branches: Sudden Enlightenment and Gradua l Enlightenment The Goddess of Chinese Buddhism Guan Yin , Bodhisattva of Mercy - Mahayana Buddhism in Japan (Japanese Buddhism) - All the major Chinese Buddhist sects have been ado pted by Japanese:
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Tian-tai (Chinese) Tendai (Japanese) Jing- tu (Chinese Jodo (Japanese) Chan (Chinese) Zen (Japanese) Plus , t here are two more sects popular in Japan: Shingon (started in China, called Chenyan
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), the True Word Nichiren Buddhism, started in the 13 th century, formed in Japan C. Tibetan Buddhism ,
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