american military history 1 assignment 3.docx - Question 1...

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Question 1 Discuss the Battle of New Orleans and Andrew Jackson's role in the campaign and battle. Why was Jackson successful? What impact did the battle have on the war? What impact did the battle have on U.S. politics? There were four battles within the Battle of New Orleans. “They had arrived undetected by coming across Lake Borgne and using an unaccountably unguarded bayou leading inland” (Millett, Maslowski & Feis, 2012, pp. 105). “After the First Battle of New Orleans, Andrew Jackson withdrew his troops two miles, behind the wide but dry Rodriguez Canal, while assuming a defensive position” (Millett, Maslowski & Feis, 2012, pp. 105). “Not only was Mississippi on the right side of the Rodriguez Canal, but also a cypress swamp was on the left side, thus making enemy flank attacks very difficult” (Millett, Maslowski & Feis, 2012, pp. 105). “In front was a plain dominated by Jackson’s parapet” (Millett, Maslowski & Feis, 2012, pp. 105). “The Second Battle of New Orleans occurred on Christmas day, and the third Battle of New Orleans occurred on New Years’ Day” (Millett, Maslowski & Feis, 2012, pp. 106). The Fourth and Final Battle of New Orleans occurred on January 08. “Although Pakenham probed Jackson’s flanks, sending a West Indian black regiment through the swamp and dispatching another force across the Mississippi to assail the American forces there, his major assault was on the broad plain toward Jackson’s main position” (Millett et. al., 2012, pp. 106). “The British general planned to attack at night, but the advance was delayed until morning. It appeared that fortune might shine on the British as fog shrouded the plain, but the fog suddenly had lifted, and the slaughter began” (Millett et. al., 2012, pp. 106). “By 0830 the Battle of New Orleans was over, not only 500 prisoners in American hands and another 1,500

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