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Discuss the major military campaigns, battles, and leaders (Union and Confederate) in the Eastern theater of the Civil War from the fall of 1862 to the conclusion of the war in April/May 1865. In your estimation, could the outcome of the war have been decided differently? Include inyour essay whether or not technological innovations and advances played a role in the outcome of the war.
The Battle of Stones River (or Murfreesboro) helped offset the Fredericksburg disaster and Vicksburg debacle and gave Lincoln a much-needed win to coincide with the official enactment of the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1. But the victory was not decisive. Success so mangled Rosecrans’s army that it would remain at Murfreesboro for six months recuperating. The Battle of Chancellorsville was Lee’s most dazzling victory, two factors tempered the rejoicing. First, Lee’s 13,000 casualties, while fewer than the North’s 17,000, represented a muchhigher proportion of his army. Second, the Union army had again been humiliated and hurt but not destroyed. Accustomed to suffering and surviving, the Army of the Potomac still manned the Rappahannock line.