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ADMS 4010 January 8, 2019Week 1: Organizations and Organization TheoryA Way of ThinkingNot a collection of factsBased on patterns in organizational designBased on patterns in behaviour The ClassicalPerspectiveLate 19th& 20thcentury Efficiency Hierarchy Highly bureaucratic organizationsThe basis of management theory and practice Scientific Management Taylorism Fredrick Winslow Taylor)Enhanced productivity at Bethlehem steel (by sectioning work)Organization and job design based on scientific study of individual situationsAssumption that management maintains stability and efficiency Assumption that managers do the thinking, workers do the work as directed Administrative Principles Take into account the design and functioning of the organization as a wholeoEx. Unity of commandEach subordinate receives orders from only ne superioroEx. Unity of direction Similar activities in an organization should be grouped together under one manager Similar to functional grouping Bureaucratic Organizations Combined aspects of scientific management and administrative principlesDesign organizations on an impersonal, rational basisClearly defined authority Formal record keepingUniform application of standard rules
Hawthorne Studies Positive treatment of employees improved their motivation and productivity In the 1980sClassical perspective led to issues associated with adapting the organization tooGlobalizationoInformation Technology oEconomic changesOrganizations began to value:oLean stafoFlexibility oRapid response to customero