4010 - Chapter 1.docx - ADMS 4010 8 2019 January Week 1 Organizations and Organization Theory A Way of Thinking Not a collection of facts Based on

4010 - Chapter 1.docx - ADMS 4010 8 2019 January Week 1...

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ADMS 4010 January 8, 2019 Week 1: Organizations and Organization Theory A Way of Thinking Not a collection of facts Based on patterns in organizational design Based on patterns in behaviour The Classical Perspective Late 19 th & 20 th century Efficiency Hierarchy Highly bureaucratic organizations The basis of management theory and practice Scientific Management Taylorism Fredrick Winslow Taylor) Enhanced productivity at Bethlehem steel (by sectioning work) Organization and job design based on scientific study of individual situations Assumption that management maintains stability and efficiency Assumption that managers do the thinking, workers do the work as directed Administrative Principles Take into account the design and functioning of the organization as a whole o Ex. Unity of command Each subordinate receives orders from only ne superior o Ex. Unity of direction Similar activities in an organization should be grouped together under one manager Similar to functional grouping Bureaucratic Organizations Combined aspects of scientific management and administrative principles Design organizations on an impersonal, rational basis Clearly defined authority Formal record keeping Uniform application of standard rules
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Hawthorne Studies Positive treatment of employees improved their motivation and productivity In the 1980s Classical perspective led to issues associated with adapting the organization to o Globalization o Information Technology o Economic changes Organizations began to value: o Lean staf o Flexibility o Rapid response to customer o
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