Bio 141 Lab Unit 1: Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology (See Chapter 1 in your textbook as well!) I. Anatomical Terminology a. Anatomical position: body is standing erect, face forward, upper limbs at sides with palms forward, feet shoulder width apart. b. Relative Position: the directional terms below describe the location of one body portion with respect to another i. Superior (Cranial): closer to head (above) ii. Inferior (Caudal): closer to feet (below) iii. Anterior (Ventral): toward front (belly) iv. Posterior (Dorsal): toward back v. Medial: closer to midline vi. Lateral: farther from midline (closer to side) 1. Ipsilateral: located on same side 2. Contralateral: located on opposite sides vii. Proximal: closer to trunk of body or another specific reference point viii. Distal: farther from trunk of body or another specific reference point ix. Superficial: outward; near surface x. Deep: inner, more internal c. Regional Terms and Surface Anatomy/Body Regions i. Axial region: ii. Appendicular region: iii. Regional Terms of the Head and Neck (fill in a description of these terms!): 1. Cephalic: 2. Cranial: 3. Frontal: 4. Ocular: 5. Otic: 6. Buccal: 7. Nasal: 8. Oral: 9. Mental: 10. Occipital: 11. Cervical: iv. Regional Terms of the Trunk: (fill in a description of these terms!): 1. Thoracic: 2. Sternal: 3. Dorsal: 4. Vertebral: 5. Lumbar: 6. Sacral: 7. Gluteal: 8.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 4 pages?