studyguide2.su15online (1).docx

studyguide2.su15online (1).docx - A document to guide your...

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A document to guide your studying for Exam II in Sustainable Environments In addition to class discussion and notes, you’re responsible for the following readings: Population and Scarcity by Robbins et al Population is Just a Sidekick to the Real Big Baddie by Monbiot Food Animal Production The documentary King Corn (available online and linked to our BB site). How is the current population of a country typically measured, and why is this inherently difficult? What do the following terms mean: crude birth rate, crude death rate, immigration, emigration, life expectancy, infant mortality, average marrying age, fertility rate. How are life expectancy and infant mortality related? Average marrying age and fertility? The census. Sometimes people refuse to answer or some people are hard to track. Crude birth rate - number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 mid-year total population Crude death rate - number of deaths occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 mid-year total population Immigration - people coming into a country Emigration - people leaving a country Life expectancy - the average period that a person may expect to live Infant mortality - the death of children under the age of one year. Average marrying age - average age of when a person in an area gets married Fertility rate - number of children the average woman in society has If infant mortality increases, it brings down life expectancy. The age at which a woman marries and enters the reproductive period of life has a great impact on fertility . The higher the age at marriage the lower is the fertility thus age has great impact on fertility. Many studies revealed a strong inverse relationship between age at marriage and the total fertility rate. Where in the world is population density (people per unit of area) the highest? Where in the world are fertility rates the highest? Europe cluster, Indian cluster, and East Asian cluster . As of 2015, Monaco was the most densely populated country in the world, with a population density of 25,322.8 inhabitants per square km.
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Fertility rate is highest in Africa. With a fertility rate of almost 7 children per woman, Niger is the country with the highest fertility rate in the world followed by Mali. The total population of Niger is growing at a fast pace. The population growth in Niger is amongst the top 10 highest in the world. What contextual and/or cultural factors influence population change? More importantly, how and why do these things impact population change? What was China’s ‘one child policy,’ how was it enforced, and what have been its results? How has population control differed in India, and what were the results of that?
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