Judaism Study Guide

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Study Guide Concepts to know backwards and forward (Judaism and Religious Studies): 1. The nature of “religion”—as we discussed it in class (i.e., characteristics of “religion”) 2. The nature of “religion”—as discussed by Ninian Smart (his 7 characteristics) 1. Experiential 2. Mythic 3. Doctrinal 4. Ethical 5. Ritual 6. Social 7. Material 3. Be able to compare and contrast these two working definitions of religion 4. Be able to discuss two approaches to studying world religions 5. Be able to recount the basics of the history of Judaism Abram is chosen by God/Yahweh (YHWH) Abram’s name is changed to Abraham (a sign of having received a commission from God) A covenant is established between God and Abram’s descendants Monotheism—worship only one God . . . In exchange for . . . Land (promised land) Descendants Abraham takes his band and sets out for the promised land The Hebrews end up stuck in Egypt as slaves Moses leads the Hebrews out of Egypt (the “Exodus”) Character of the of the 2ndCovenant A Covenant of the “Law” As such, further, secondary laws were spelled out over timeThe book of Leviticus and Deuteronomy especially deal with these proscriptions and prescriptions When you think of Kosher laws and prohibitions, these generally come the secondary laws of the Mosaic covenant After wandering for 40 years, the Israelites finally arrive in the promised land (Canaan)
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But there are people living in the promised land (Canaanites) . . . Who the Israelites have to drive out and subdue in order to enter into the promised land Eventually the Israelites prevail and settle in and begin to build what would become “Israel” 6. Jewish ritual a. Scripture—know the books of the Torah and what each deals with in general Genesis (Bereshit): contains stories of creation, records the establishment of the covenant between God and the Jewish people, tells of the lives of the patriarchs and matriarchs Exodus (Sh’mot):
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