Muslim/Christian/Jewish Study Guide

Muslim/Christian/Jewish Study Guide

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JEWISH GROUPS IN JESUS’TIME Sadducees, Pharisees, Zealots, Essenes
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OBJECTIVES To recreate the Jewish context for the rise of Christianity To sketch an outline of Christianity’s origin from the birth of Jesus to the ministry of Paul
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REFLECTION Without using notes or electronic devices, draw on your recently acquired knowledge of Judaism to recreate the historical scene at the time of Jesus’ birth (What kinds of Judaism were on the scene? Who was in charge? What recent events had happened in Israel? What were some major beliefs of Jewish groups in Palestine of this time period? Anything else that was going on?)
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SADDUCEES Mostly upper class Had conservative political and religious views Held powerful positions Liked things as they were, didn’t like change Kept their distance from the “common” people
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SADDUCEES ON RELIGION Believed that only the Torah (the 1 st 5 books of the Bible) had authority If the Torah didn’t have something to say on an issue, they believed that the rulers were the best to decide what to do Were mainly concerned with the Temple cult Made deals with non-Jewish authorities as long as rituals and sacrifices were allowed and left in the control of the priests
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IDEAS NOT IN THE TORAH WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE, LIKE: the resurrection of the body, rewards and punishments after death, they did not believe in angels or demons, they did not think about God’s final plans
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PHARISEES concerned with keeping the distinctive character of Judaism their work was centered around the synagogue study worship works of charity
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PHARISEES ON THE “LAW” / TORAH
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