Study Guide Christianity

Study Guide Christianity

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Christianity Study Guide Please Define in One or Two Sentences the following words—Vocabulary: 1. Ministry 2. Gospel 3. Sanhedrin 4. Church 5. Messiah 6. Christ (Christos 7. Testament 8. Rabbi 9. Apostle (apostolos) 10. Disciple (discipulus) 11. Parable 12. Reformation 13. Pax Romana 14. Friar 15. Pharisee 16. Sadducee- Mostly upper class, had conservative politic and religious views, held powerful positions. Didn't like change, kept distance from “common”people. 17. Essene- •Reminded people that the present world was going to end and that God would create a new order •Believed in a final battle between the forces of light (God) and the forces of dark (evil) •Lived by strict discipline to be able to side with the forces of light •Rejected the Temple •Believed that the priesthood was corrupted by the Greek influences 18. Zealot 19. Scribe 20. Agnus Dei 21. In Hoc Signo 22. New Testament 23. Sacrament 24. Sacramental 25. Theosis 26. Atonement- 27. Trinity- Concet of God as having three “persons” or manifestations: as father, son, and holy ghost. 28. Logos-
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Longer Answer Question Bank: 1. Please compare and contrast the following sects of Judaism at the time of Jesus’ birth (say something about the basic beliefs of each) a. Pharisees Concerened with keeping distinctive character of Judaism. Work was centered around synagogue: study, worship, works of charity. •The Torah must be enough for all time and all situations •In every situation, the scriptures had to be interpreted in a way that addressed the situation •The oral law helped people understand the written law •The oral law was an essential partner to the written law and just as binding •Keeping both the written and oral law was necessary for the future of Judaism. Tried to see everyone as equal. •wanted every Israelite to go through priestly purification •Every home was a temple •Every table was an altar •Every Jew a priest making an offering to the Lord Believed that •The resurrection of the body •Angels and demons •Made the expectation of a Messiah part of the Jewish consciousness at the time of Jesus •Believed that God was in control of history b. Saducees Mostly upper class, had conservative politic and religious views, held powerful positions. Didn't like change, kept distance from “common”people. Believed only the Torah had authority. Concerned with the Temple cult. Made deals with non-Jewish authorities as long as rituals and sacrifices were allowed and left in the control of priests. Did not angels and demons, the resurrection of the body, rewards or punishments after death. Did not think about God's final plans.
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