HIST 128 j notes

HIST 128 j notes - Hist 128 August 22, 2007 Reconstruction...

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Hist 128 August 22, 2007 Reconstruction Reconstruction – the process by which 11 former confederate states returned to their normal position in the Union. They put the Union back together. Spring 1865 – southern whites were anxious to get back into the Union after defeat in the civil war. Civil War (4 years) – shocked most white Americans. The war had become a remorseless revolutionary struggle according to Lincoln. The casualties were relatively white. 60,000 dead in the Union equivalent to today would be about 5 million. The cost of the war was felt more heavily in the south. The confederacy only had 750,000 in arms and a quarter million of them died. Survivors in both sections had an overwhelming need to justify the loss from the war. They convinced themselves that they fought to make a better Union.(Northerners) - Southern Whites justified the war by making sure the values they fought for were upheld by white supremacy. - Individual southern states made up for this loss by manipulating race relations. The war settled two issues: - slavery as an institution is dead. - Said that succession was illegal. (Breaking from the Union) Congress – believed that they should have an equal balanced and checking role with the President. Republican - The Constitution stated that we should have a republican form of government in which the people ruled. - Recognizes a quality before the law for its citizens. Lincoln and congress were always at odds over Reconstruction. At Lincoln’s assassination there was no set plan of reconstruction in the works. The war freed over 4 million African American slaves: - What would be the meaning of freedom for these citizens? What civil right should these former slaves have?
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The war ended through a series of Military armistices… - Democratic Party at the end of the war was more prevalent in the North and controlled only 1/3 of the seat so in congress at the end of the war. 45% of northern whites voted on the dem. Ticket. Democrats believed that we should have to reconstruct anything. - Dem. stood for white supremacy, they were fearful of the consequences of emancipation. They wanted to make it clear that it’s a white man’s country. - They regained power in 1868. - Democrats dominated the south. - Democrats voted against anything the republicans proposed. Lincoln on assassination was replaced by Andrew Johnson. - Johnson was the most ill-equipped for reconstruction. - Johnson escaped poverty by going into politics. - Johnson was a Unionist, and blamed succession on the planters. He was still pro slavery. Andrew Johnson - A republican and “just a name” - shared none of the defining principles of Lincoln. - fervent defender of slavery after the war
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HIST 128 taught by Professor Nelson during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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HIST 128 j notes - Hist 128 August 22, 2007 Reconstruction...

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