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Drama 116 Exam 1 Study Guide

Drama 116 Exam 1 Study Guide - Drama 116 Exam 1 Study Guide...

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Drama 116 Exam 1 Study Guide Reading : 1. Introduction: Thinking about Drama Poetics: Mimesis: the Greek term for “the imitation of an action”; he or she approaches a role through a deep and passionate study of human behavior in all its outward forms with an eye toward reproducing them in a disciplined and sensitive way. David Garrick approached acting as an “imitation of life”; he called acting mimical behavior. Drama v. ritual: Greek drama was part of their religious ritual Theatres and their effect Genres of drama Elements of drama: o exposition (what happens before the play opens) o suspense/conflict (the problem) o rising action o climax o falling action o denouement (the resolution of the play) Lady Gregory and The Rising of the Moon o The theatre that Lady Gregory was associated with was called The Abbey 2. Greek Drama Origins of Greek Drama i. Sophocles: wrote plays such as Oedipus , which means swollen foot; We know he was successful because he never took less than second prize in the competitions at the Dionysian Celebrations ii. Ritual : ritual was used to pray for rain, sunshine, etc. The ancient Greeks used myths, heroic tales but would shake them to make them reflect society. Drama was a civic responsibility. iii. Catharsis : is the emotional release/a purging of emotion; this is what the audience should feel after watching a tragedy iv. Tragedy: unhappy ending that makes a special statement v. Irony : vi. Chorus : the group that sang in the Greek tragedy who wore masks, looking completely different from the actors. They sang in unison and usually portrayed ordinary human society (they would speak what the audience watching was thinking) vii. Proscenium arch : the structure over the front of the stage which the curtains hangs and separates the audience from the action on stage. viii. Polis : the Greek word for ‘the state” ix. Dithyramb : ancient Greek choral hymn sung and danced to the honor of Dionysis.
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x. Peripetia : xi. Protagonist xii. Mekane: 3. Medieval Drama pp. 500AD-1500AD The role of the Church : The Catholic Church dominated during this period
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