CRIM26704Quiz TwoSTUDY GUIDE1.Although there are many legal systems around the world, they generally are grouped into a much smaller number of categories that are often called families of law. 2.Five families of law are typically delineated: a. common law b. civil law (also called code law)c. theocratic law d. socialist lawe. traditional law 3. An event in the development of the common law was the signing of the Magna Carta(Latin forGreat Charter)4.Because the common law originated in judges’ decisions, common law nations are one where case of law, or law made by judges through their rulings is paramount.5.The United States follows the common law tradition with one exception Louisiana6.An important development in colonial law was the publication of Blackstone’sCommentariesin the 1760s7.The writers of the Constitution and Bill of Rightsthus wanted to limit the potential abuse of the new government of individual freedom.8.Among common law nations, two features of the U.S. legal system stand out today. The first is the concept of judicial review, the principle that appellate courts may overturn legislative statutes and invalidate executive actions if they are deemed to violate Constitutional standards9.The other notable feature of the U.S. legal system among common law nations is the jury10.Civil law (also called code law) is the name given to the family of law found in nations ofcontinental Europe.11. Judges in civil law have less power to change the law than their common law counterparts, in large part because civil law codes are so detailed that they cover many circumstances and situations
12.Theocratic Law, then, is religious law, or to be more precise, a system of law heavily dependent on religious belief.13. Islam law, better known as Shariah, includes rules about four areas of public and private life: 14. The Sariah lists three types of crimes: 15.Socialistlawis the legal system of Communist nations.” 16. What is supposed to happen to the legal system after the revolution that destroys capitalism and class differences?
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