Practice quiz 12.docx - Chapter 12 u2013 practice quiz A...

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Practice quiz 12.docx

Question 2   An important difference between reasoning and decision making is that , in reasoning , Select one :
a. the premises are more likely to be ambiguous .
b. we have well - established rules for drawing conclusions .
c. the problem has greater ecological validity .
d. we are not as likely to know whether our conclusions are correct .
Answer:  b.   we have well - established rules for drawing conclusions .
Question 3   Here is a reasoning problem : If Mary is a psychology major at your college , then she must take statistics . Mary graduates from your college without taking statistics . Therefore , Mary is not a psychology major . What kind of problem is this ?
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Question 4   Research on the belief - bias effect shows that Select one :
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Question 5   Research on the conjunction fallacy shows that Select one :
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Question 6   Suppose that Kaitlin has a satisficing decision - making style , and she is shopping for a winter jacket . She would be most likely to Select one :
a. first select the two attributes that she considers most important—such as price and style—and focus on all jackets that meet these two criteria .
b. examine as many jackets as possible , taking into consideration their price , colour , style , and warmth .
c. create a list of pros and cons for the jackets that are acceptable , and choose the jacket on the basis of this list .
d. find a jacket that is good enough to meet her standards , even if it is not ideal .
Answer:  a.   find a jacket that is good enough to meet her standards , even if it is not ideal .
Question 7   Suppose that you are watching television just after a Congressional election , and your favourite candidate has won—although the election was close . You say to a friend , " Well , I was really quite confident that he would win . " This might be an example of Select one :
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Chapter 12 – practice quiz A friend tells you that drama majors tend to be extremely disorganized. However, when you actually make a tally of 10 friends who are drama majors and 20 friends who are not, you find no relationship. Your friend's error was most likely an example of Select one: a. an illusory correlation. b. the anchoring and adjustment heuristic. c. the framing effect. d. the hindsight bias.
Question 2 An important difference between reasoning and decision making is that, in reasoning, Select one:
Question 3 Here is a reasoning problem: If Mary is a psychology major at your college, then she must take statistics. Mary graduates from your college without taking statistics. Therefore, Mary is not a psychology major. What kind of problem is this?
a. the crystal-ball technique b. syllogism c. analogy

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