According to the research on implicit memory and explicit memory,
a. psychologists sometimes discover a dissociation; for example, a variable may have a large
effect on an explicit task, but a small effect on an implicit task.
b. on implicit memory tasks, people recall much more when they have used deep levels of
processing, rather than shallow levels.
c. when the tests are conducted properly, most people with normal memory reveal very little
d. people with amnesia typically perform better on explicit memory tasks than on implicit
According to the research on the own-ethnicity bias,