13 - Lecture 3/13 *Data Collection 4 *Dude Article Agenda...

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Lecture 3/13 *Data Collection 4 *Dude Article Agenda • Finish history of English language • Linguistic Diffusion • Language Contact • Pidgins and Creoles I. Old English Compounding a. Compounding is a productive way of forming new words b. 85% of OE words are no longer in use c. 3% of OE words are loan words from other languages compared with 70% of modern English d. Modern English has far greater etymological variety than OE II. Other Sound Changes Reflected In Spelling a. Silent ‘gh’ i. The ‘gh’ used to represent /x/ ii. Over time, this sound was deleted, but the spelling remained the same iii. It’s more common to lose sounds than to gain them iv. These words came from a different dialect where the ‘gh’ represented /f/ (it still does) 1. Rough/Dough/Tough v. Before the printing press, people would write in their own dialects b. Silent ‘k’ and ‘g’ i. ‘k’ and ‘g’ before ‘n’ used to be pronounced but over time was dropped ii. Spelling stayed the same 1. Knight/Knee
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13 - Lecture 3/13 *Data Collection 4 *Dude Article Agenda...

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