ISS 335 - Stratification a structure of inequality Jim Crow a system of segregation Civil Rights movement 1950's and 60's challenge legal discrimination

ISS 335 - Stratification a structure of inequality Jim Crow...

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Stratification- a structure of inequality Jim Crow- a system of segregation Civil Rights movement- 1950’s and 60’s- challenge legal discriminationStrategies used- boycott, sit-ins, rallies, marches, speeches, civil disobedience, passive resistance, peaceful action These activities helped mobilize public opinion outside of the south in favor of the black struggle1964-8 civil rights acts1965-voting rights act genocide-systematic killing of an entire people.Race is a social construction- it’s socially definedWhite Collar-non-manual labor, Blue collar-manual laborDominant group- rich, white males, protestant, Ivy League Upper classPoor peopleNice things, snobby, educated uneducated, welfare, Nice cars, materialistic, status conscious Bad neighborhood, urban areaBig donors, suburbs Inferior housing, lazy, unintelligentHypo-descent- any racial intermixture makes one nonwhite- one drop ruleDichotomy Tiger woods- ¼ Thai, ¼ Chinese, ¼ Black, 1/8 white, 1/8 Native AmericanStuckert-1960’s- genetic purity of races in the U.S. Percentage of whites w/black ancestry % of blacks w/European ancestry 1790- 2.0 19.01850- 15.0 38.21900- 19.5 56.6 1960- 22.8 77.4 Racialization- process of assigning racial meanings Racial formation- racial categories are formed over time Jim Crow era- civil war (1861-1865) through WWII (1941-1945)1857- Dred Scott v. Sandford- Blacks are an inferior race and have no rights as citizens Reconstruction- 1865-1877- federal troops occupied the South, blacks could vote and run for office After reconstruction blacks were defranchised ( prevented from voting) 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson- upheld the doctrine of separate but equala system of racial etiquette (a code of behavior) Ku Klux Klan- vigilante group, peak membership, 1920’s, Indiana, OH1957 Little Rock, AR 1954 Brown v. Board overturned separate but equal
Gov. Faubus (Arkansas), Thurgood Marshall (first black on Supreme Court) Great Migration- migration of blacks from rural South to the Urban North- 1910-1940- 2 million of blacks migrated, 1940-1970- 5 million blacks migrated North The Ethics of Living Jim Crow Mr. Pease Gender roles-product of our socialization and cultural conditioning.“Night to his day”Western societies- 2 gendersSome societies- 3 genders- man, woman, berdache ( biological males treated as social women)Transsexual- sex change operations Transvestite- cross dressing Transgender- males who live as females “”Clothing is used to reinforce gender differences Gender is both ascribed and schievedAscribed- assigned at birth Achieved- the result of one’s effort Metrosexual- a man who seems gay but is not Sports- men’s golf, women’s golf Gymnos- nudeLooking-glass self- C.H. Cooley- we view ourselves positively or negatively based on our view of how others see us.Hermaphrodites- chromosomes or genitals that aren’t clearly male or female“Second shift” Arlie Hochschild- women do household chores masculinity as homophobiaKarl Marx bourgeoisie- owners proletariat- workers 200 years ago- 2 models of manhood- genteel patriarch, (Thomas Jefferson) heroic artisan- farmer-craftsmen

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