Key topics for second midterm.docx - Key topics for second...

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Key topics for second midterm: 1. Grassroots development 2. Social and cultural dimension of Development 3. Environment and Development Theory 4. Globalization and Development Problem or Solution Sample questions: Grassroots development initiatives commonly support the idea that empowerment can be achieved through A. Participation B. Industrialization C. Structural adjustment programs D. Ethnic development model E. Alienation What is social capital? - From the 1990’s, can be regarded as another asset which can be used by individuals or groups to contribute to their economic and social development - Society’s productive assets known as capital - Three types: bonding, bridging and linking Why do you think that NGOs have become the key development actors in third world nations? Provide two arguments? 1. NGOs provide an opportunity for ppl not involved in state organizations to have a say 2. Work with the poor and marginalized 3. Can provide services that are much more efficient by drawing on local’s knowledge, using local materials - Considered appropriate, prompt, efficient and transparent institutions in oppose to government organizations What is Durkheim’s understanding of traditional society? How is it different from Parsons . Durkheim’s traditional society: - No great internal complexity - Little division of labor - Tight knit communities kin and clan - Break from this mold punishment through retribution - Strong collective consciousness
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Parsons believed that new technology, appropriate institutions and cultural norms played key roles from moving from traditional to modern society - Harmonious society acting as an organism - His view societies were very technocratic - Society status was gained through kinship, ethnicity or gender was ascribed and can be understood with reference to the functions they form As a development scholar, if you support Ethnodevelopment theory, then how would you criticize Karl Marx? Ethnodevelopment takes into account the need to maintain ethnic diversity as development takes place. Marxist theories fail to consider ethnic diversity in detail. For Marxists, identification by ethnicity is viewed as “pre-modern” and a barrier to development because of the perceived irrationality of allegiance to an ethnic group, rather than a class grouping.
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