Exam 2 Review - HDFS 239 Exam II Fran Roach Social...

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HDFS 239 Exam II Fran Roach Social Transition from Adolescence to Adulthood Be able to define social redefinition and provide examples of social redefinition related to interpersonal relationships, political, economic, and legal arenas. Social redefinition is a process by which adolescents are recognized as adults. It is a time of change in social roles and status within the culture and community. The timing of social redefinition is dependent on culture . In the US, it is a series of events (not just one). Interpersonal relationships—dating, marriage. Political—voting. Economical—job, credit card. Legal—held more accountable for actions (penalties). Be able to describe some rites or rituals of passage marking adulthood across various cultures. Some cultures mark social redefinition in more dramatic and clear ways. After these rituals, however long they take, the individual is clearly recognized as an adult. The process is very clear in these societies and happens very quickly (weeks, months). What are examples of rites of passage in the U.S.? In the United States, how meaningful are these rites of passage in defining adulthood? Quince, Confirmation, Bar Mitzvah, Sweet 16 parties. Individually, the rites of passage can be meaningful. In terms of defining an adult, they really aren’t meaningful. The transition is very unclear and murky. There is no set line as to when someone becomes an adult. Be able to describe how clear social redefinition is in the US and describe an example to illustrate the level of clarity. It is NOT clear at all! Driving or voting does not necessarily make you an adult. The period of adolescence has lengthened because of earlier maturation and increases in schooling. Puberty is earlier, and college pushes back adult roles (parenting, full-time jobs). What defines being an adult according to young people today? Be able to describe the overall trends Jeffrey Arnett has found in his research examining college students’ conceptions of what defines an adult.
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There is less emphasis today on the attainment of specific roles as a defining characteristic of adulthood. There is more of an emphasis on character traits. There is a decline in the importance of family roles as a defining feature. Self- sufficiency is hard to achieve. What is an Emerging adult? What are the five characteristics that distinguish emerging adulthood from other age periods? 18-25 years old. A time of great change in which people have more independence without adult responsibilities. Identity exploration and role experimentation (more so than adolescence) Instability (changes in relationships, jobs, residences) Self-focused (developing skills, knowledge, and self-understanding) Feeling “in-between” (between adolescence and adulthood) Possibilities (many futures are possible, high hopes and great expectations). You can graduate college and work in an industry not related to your degree. Possibilities.
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HD FS 239 taught by Professor Staufferlemasson, during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Exam 2 Review - HDFS 239 Exam II Fran Roach Social...

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