River Valley Civilizations By: Diana Evans Professor Martin HIST 119 2/1/2019
Evans 2 The Nile River in Egypt and the Indus River both contributed to the birth of two ancient civilizations that settled in their fertile banks around 3,000 BCE. Along the Nile in north-east Africa, The Egyptians emerged and are known for their hieroglyphic writing and pyramid tombs. The Harappa civilization developed along the Indus River located in western India. They are most known for their advanced plumbing, allowing a “toilet” in every home. These two river valley civilizations have many things in common. Both the Harappan and Egyptian civilizations were birthed from agriculture. In two different continents, conditions along two different river valleys had the resources needed to sustain the development of two ancient civilizations. This occurred through the development of agriculture. Domesticating food, and animals lead to a major food surplus. 1 Because of this surplus of food agriculture delivered, both civilizations were able to support more humans and develop into an advanced society. Evidence of this surplice of food can be seen through the remnants of pottery found at both ancient civilizations’ archaeological sites. Pottery also shows that both civilizations had
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