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HNF Exam 1 Study Guide - HNF Exam 1 Carbs = 4 Fats = 9...

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HNF Exam 1 Carbs = 4; Fats = 9; Protein = 4; alcohol = 7 Six classes of nutrients: carbs, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, water Essential nutrients: body cannot make itself, must be eaten Nutrient density: foods rich in nutrients relative to their energy content Energy-yielding nutrients: the body can use the energy they contain Organic: contains the element carbon, derived from living things Whole foods: basic foods; milk products, meats, vegetables, fruits, and grains Enriched/fortified foods: nutrients have been added to food Functional foods: foods known to possess nutrients or non-nutrients that might lend protection against diseases Medical foods: specially manufactured for use by people with medical disorders, prescribed by a doctor Natural foods: no legal definition, but often implies wholesomeness Nutraceutical: no legal definition, but refers to foods/supplements/nutrients believed to have medical effects; unproven, unnecessary supplements Organic food: grown without synthetic pesticides or fertilizers Partitioned foods: foods composed of parts of whole foods, like butter, sugar, or corn oil; few nutrients and many calories Processed foods: foods subjected to any processing, like milling, additives, or cooking Staple foods: used frequently or daily, like rice or potatoes Epidemiological studies: studies of populations, often to see connections between diet and disease Intervention: populations, observation and then experimental manipulation of some population members Credible sources of nutrition information: ADA’s National Center for Nutrition and Dietetics (NCND), Society for Nutrition Education , American Medical Association, Federal Trade Commission, US Dept of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), US Dept of Agriculture (USDA) RD: registered dietitian, graduated from a university accredited ADA program Dietitian: a person trained in nutrition, food science, and diet planning Nutritionist: someone who studies nutrition Public health nutritionist: dietitian who has an advanced degree and specializes in public health nutrition Diet technician: assists dietitians in administrative and clinical responsibilities ‘p’ value: In vivo: In vitro: 24-hour recall: Food frequency questionnaire: Circulatory system:
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Lymphatic system: Hormonal system: Nervous system: Immune system: Digestive system: Excretory system: Storage systems: Enzyme: protein machinery Lymph: fluid that moves from blood into tissues, travels in its own vessels until back to bloodstream Artery: blood vessels that carry blood containing fresh oxygen from heart to tissues Vein: blood vessels that carry blood with carbon dioxide from tissues to heart Plasma: cell-fluid part of blood and lymph Hormone: chemicals secreted by glands into blood for regulation Insulin: hormone from pancreas that helps glucose enter cells from blood Glucagon:
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