Enterprise System Week 7.pptx - 1 BY RAEENA TAUQIR Lahore Garrison University Enterprise Systems System Integration 2 Learning Objectives Understand the

Enterprise System Week 7.pptx - 1 BY RAEENA TAUQIR Lahore...

This preview shows page 1 - 9 out of 29 pages.

Enterprise Systems System Integration BY: RAEENA TAUQIR L a h o r e G a r r i s o n U n i v e r s i t y 1
Image of page 1
Learning Objectives Understand the impact of organizational structure on information systems. Find out about the types of functional silos in organizations. Learn about the evolution of information systems technology generations and architectures and its influence on silo environment. Know what systems integration is and why it is important for organizations. Understand the role of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems in systems integration. Lahore Garrison University 2
Image of page 2
Preview Systems integration means that you allow a heterogeneous (hodgepodge) IS to communicate or integrate and share information (or data) seamlessly with one another. Systems integration is a key issue for an organization for its growth - Management needs to pay close attention to this issue. ERP systems are a major kind of enterprise information system allowing organizations to integrate different systems into one organization-wide application with an integrated database management system. Lahore Garrison University 3
Image of page 3
Functional Silos Silos are basically compartmentalized operating units isolated from their environment. Horizontal Silos The POSDCORB (Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing, Coordinating, Reporting and Budgeting) categorization by Luther Gulick led to a set of formal organization functions such as control, management, supervision, and administration starting in late 1930s. Classification of organizations into departments like Accounting and Human Resources, reflects the breaking of complex tasks into smaller manageable tasks that could be assigned to a group of people who could then be held responsible. Lahore Garrison University 4
Image of page 4
Figure 2-1 Functional Model of Organization (POSDCORB) Lahore Garrison University 5
Image of page 5
Functional Silos (Cont’d) Vertical Silos Organizations also divided roles in hierarchical layers from strategic planning to management control and operation control. CEOs and Presidents plan long-term strategy, midlevel management focuses on tactical issues and on the execution of organizational policy whereas the lower-level management task is to focus on the day-to-day operations of the company. As organizations get big and complex they tend to break functions into smaller units and assign staff the responsibility for these activities allowing them to manage complexity as well as specialize in activities that enhance productivity and efficiency. Lahore Garrison University 6
Image of page 6
Figure 2-2 Hierarchical Model of Organization Lahore Garrison University 7
Image of page 7
Business Process and Silos The problem of functional silos gave birth to business process re- engineering (BPR).
Image of page 8

Want to read all 29 pages?

Image of page 9

Want to read all 29 pages?

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 29 pages?

  • Fall '17
  • taimoor
  • Lahore Garrison University

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes