Enterprise Systems Enterprise Systems Architecture BY: RAEENA TAUQIR L a h o r e G a r r i s o n U n i v e r s i t y 1
Learning Objectives Examine in detail the enterprise systems modules and architecture. Understand the effects of a well-designed architecture on ERP implementation. Know the various types of ERP architectures and the related benefits and drawbacks of each architecture. Learn about the Service Oriented Architecture and its impact on ERP systems. Learn about cloud architecture and its impact on ERP systems. Lahore Garrison University 2
Preview Once ERP systems are integrated and implemented successfully in a company, they become the cornerstone of the organization because every single transaction will be processed through this system. In addition to the Systems Integration, it is also necessary to focus on: Business process architecture. Business requirements. Budget. Project management. Commitments from top management. Continuous communication with employees informing them about future changes. Lahore Garrison University 3
Why Study Enterprise Systems Architecture? Help management and the implementation teams understand in detail the features and components of the enterprise system. Provide a visual representation of the complex system interfaces among the ERP application and databases, operating systems, legacy applications, and networking. Management can develop a better IT plan if the requirements for system infrastructure, training, change management, and business process reengineering are clarified. Lahore Garrison University 4
Components of the Enterprise Systems Architecture Functional Defines the ERP modules that support the various business functions of the organization. Examples include: Accounting Human Resources Procurement Fulfillment Etc. System Defines the ERP architecture through the physical components of hardware, software, and networking angle. Lahore Garrison University 5
ERP Modules The key role of an ERP system is to provide support for such business functions as accounting, sales, inventory control, and production. ERP vendors, including SAP, Oracle, and Microsoft, etc. provide modules that support the major functional areas of a business. The ERP software embeds best business practices that implement the organization’s policy and procedure via business rules. Lahore Garrison University 6
Figure 3-2 Typical ERP Modules Lahore Garrison University 7
Overview of Modules Production Helps in the planning and optimizing of the manufacturing capacity, parts, components, and material resources using historical production data and sales forecasting.
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