ASNS2665 Essay Yu-Hsin Kao.docx - Yu-Hsin Kao 440153229 The Advantages and Disadvantages of Migrant Labour Malaysia and Singapore as an example Malaysia

ASNS2665 Essay Yu-Hsin Kao.docx - Yu-Hsin Kao 440153229 The...

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Yu-Hsin Kao 440153229The Advantages and Disadvantages of Migrant Labour- Malaysia and Singapore as an exampleMalaysia and Singapore have long been heavy importers of migrant labour, and over recent years as the phenomenon seems to have grown into an even larger social, economic and political debate, a question arises as to just how much the pros of hiring foreign labour outweighs the cons. This essay will look at the issue in mainly two separate parts. Firstly, there will be a focus on Malaysia, the positive and negative aspects of recruiting foreign workers with references to various academic resources. There will also be an outline on the types of foreign labour it recruits, a discussion on such forms of employment and also the language barrier existing between different groups. The second part will be from the perspective of Singapore, mainly focusing on the social issues where a resentment against foreign labour has been observed amongst the local people, and the actual migrant experiences. The huge influx of these international workers have heavily impacted the local demographic structures of both countries, and whilst they are the back bone of economic growth in both regions, it is undoubtable that along with the arrival of foreign workers many socio-political issues arise. Despite these issues, however, it is still clear that the operation of foreign workers is fundamental to the growth of both countries and that the real task lies within the government’s response to the pressing issues. Malaysia has made remarkable accomplishments over the past years, namely the continuous drop in severepoverty and the promotion of inclusive development amongst its people. Foreign workers (both registered and undocumented) have played a crucial part in such improvements of the economy, and they have long become the primary labour source of low skilled job titles1. The coined term migrant labour refers a foreign labour resource- foreign workers who migrate from one country to another for employment opportunities2.Some positives of hiring migrants are that they’re willing to work more for less, and as an outcome businesses are able to locate cheaper labour resources which indirectly profits the economy in developing its production and enhancing their competitiveness in the international market3. Issues of unwanted local job vacancies can also be solved by the method of employing more foreign workers to fill in the gap. What causes the gap is the unwillingness of the domestic workforce to take up physically demanding jobs which are often associated with the “3D” description- Dirty, Dangerous and Demeaning4. As the local workers are becoming increasingly selective of their work, employers have no choice but to recruit from outside the country. A reason being is that the majority of foreign workers in Malaysia are semi-skilled or low skilled people who are willing to take up vacant positions where the local workers are unwilling to undertake. A
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