Chapter 11 – Motivation and Emotion-What is motivation?-What is the differences between homeostasis and allostasis?-What is the difference between a drive and an incentive?-How is the hypothalamus related to our drive to eat? Which nucleus is the eating “on switch” and which nucleus is the eating “off switch”?-Which substance is the primary energy source for the brain?-How is does the brain make (most of) us find fatty foods rewarding?-Is sugar addictive (writes the professor who drinks iced cappuccinos while lecturing…)?-What is ghrelin?-What is satiation? How does brain activity change from our initial bite of a tasty chocolate bar to the 20thbite (when most of us are full)?-What is the unit bias? Describe one study showing how unit biases affect our consumption of food.-What are trigger foods? How are they related to semantic networks in the brain?-Describe three ways in which the social context can influence our eating behaviours.-What are three symptoms of anorexia nervosa that are described in the textbook?-How does anorexia differ from bulimia?-Can you think of some ways that eating disorders could be an attempt to cope with life stress?-What is the repetition suppression hypothesis?-What is some evidence listed showing that unrealistic media depictions of beauty can have a negative influence on people?-What is the libido?-Why is Alfred Kinsey an important figure in the study of sexual behaviour?-What is the sexual response cycle?-What is a refractory period?-Which hormone plays a role in both orgasms and trust?-What is sexual orientation? -What is the evidence suggesting that homosexuality is linked to the hypothalamus? What is one criticism of studies showing this relationship?-Is sexual orientation related to genetics?-What is the difference between transgender and transsexual individuals?-What is one biological theory of why some individuals are transgender (see page 458)?-What are some characteristics of teaching who are effective at teaching “sex ed”?-What is the difference between gender roles and sexual scripts?
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- Alfred Kinsey