Saint Agnes High SchoolWinter Semester 2018Teacher: Ms. Jennifer LambEmail: [email protected]12TH GRADEIntro To American JurisprudenceNotes: 1.1 LawsAim: What are the kinds of law?Do Now: Can you name where our county civil courthouse is located? Where thecriminal courthouse is located?Civil- Kew GardensCriminal- Jamaica❏Kinds of LawsA.Criminal: regulates public conducta.Felonies: more serious (murder,robbery)i.Penalty- >1 year prisonb.Misdemeanors: Less serious (theft, simple assault)i.Penalty- <1 year prisonB.Civil: regulates relation between individualsa.Civil action- lawsuit brought by one person who feels wronged byanother person.b.Courts usually award the injured person money for their loss, or requirethe who committed to wrong to make amends in some other way.❏What behavior violates criminal and civil laws?A.A criminal case is broughtbefore the governmentand a separate civil case isbrought before civil courta.Defendant-person accused of committing the crimeb.Plaintiff the person harmed❏Where do these laws come from?A.The US Constitutiona.The highest law in the land (supremacy clause)
b.Lists the government’s powers, limits on those powers, and the people’sfreedoms that cannot be taken away by the government❏Limited GovernmentA.Article 1a.Powers that are delegated to the government by the US ConstitutionB.The federal government can pass laws only in the areas listed in Article 1C.International relations/trade, declaring war, interstate trade, etc❏Judicial ReviewA.Enables a court to declare unenforceable any law passed by Congress or a statelegislature that conflicts with the country’s highest law the US Constitutiona.Marbury v. Madison (1803)- first time supreme court ruled a lawunconstitutionalNotes: 1.2 Human RightsAim: Why is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights monumental?Do Now: What do you think of when you hear the term human rights? Make a list ofthree words (on Google)❏Human RightsA.The rights all people have simply because they are human beings.a.What are some rights you think all human beings should have?❏Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)A.Statement of basis human rights and standards for government that has beenagreed to by almost every country in the world.B.Adopted in 1948 under Eleanor Roosevelt’s leadership.C.NOT a binding treaty:a.Self-determinationb.Right of lifec.Right to humane treatment in detentiond.Freedom of movemente.To marry and find a familyf.Educationg.Freedom of assembly❏Major UN Treaties to Enforce Human RightsA.International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (U.S. signed and ratified).B.International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (signed, notratified).C.Convention on the Rights of the Child (signed, not ratified).
❏Limitations of the UDHRA.Difficult to enforce- it is a declaration, not a hard low.