Class: History of Media Arts (VM100-04)Professor: Barry MarshallDate: Thursday September 13, 2018Introductory NotesReminder that the screenings are 12:15-2:15, not 12-2 as it says in the syllabus.Watched Film: The Great Train RobberyOne of the first “story films.”Early special effects – explosions, movement out windowOver-acting, due to history of theatrical performancesSome movement of the camera, some early forms of jump cutsColor tinting was done one frame at a timeIn the films we watch from that time period, the music is typically not original – any music was played with the film, or a pianist played live along with it.Silent films were universal – no language barriers yet.PowerPoint Slide: Georges MeliesHe was a magician, illusionist, and producer of stage shows, and he owned a theater.Developed a film language based on editing scenes in chronological order.First “special effects” and ideas of science fiction.First awareness of the making of a Mise-en-scene concept (mise-en-scene: what is within the frame – sets, subjects, props, etc.).Incorporated magic tricks into film, used multiple exposures, built extravagant props and sets, the beginning of continuity editing. Did many of his effects “in camera.” He was often in his films and plays the professor in “A Trip to the Moon.”Same year as “The Great Train Robbery,” but far more sophisticated.“A Trip to the Moon” was his most popular film, telling a sorry with lots of stop action and matte effects that were used by Melies first. It became an enormous French and International success, in both black and white and in hand painted color tinted versions.Made over 500 films, but his career declined after 1905 and ended by 1912.Still relevant – article in New York Times today has a picture from “A Trip to the Moon,” in a story about an exhibition in Denmark that “explores how the celestial body has fascinated artists, writers, and scientists.”Watched Film: A Trip to the MoonCrowded - a lot in every frameBackgrounds were matte paintingsCombinations of paintings and physical things were used for setsHardly any camera movementIncludes what is likely the first dream sequence ever put on film
PowerPoint Slide: The NickelodeonThe success of story films brings on the rise of the Nickelodeon.Movie-going for audiences moved beyond a novelty experience to weekly entertainment.
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- Spring '08
- robbery, Nickelodeon, Carl Laemmle, Marcus Loew, W.D. Griffith